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                                           The Cuffs of Diplomacy
            amethyst, fluorite, mother of pearl, 2mm Sleeping Beauty turquoise, red raw silk,
                   antique gumbah trade beads, cedar ash, white deer skin, synthetic sinew
 

              The Storming Fan
    
11/o Czech and Japanese glass beads,
          copper beads, Slate Gray turkey
                    feathers, deer skin

The Great Seneca Chief Fan
    
11/o Czech and Japanese glass beads, copper beads, hand-cut quahog wampum shell beads, Lake Erie and St. Lawrence River clam shell

The North Minnesota Pine Forest Blessing
 
11/o Czech glass and silver rocaille and
  antique Trade beads, pheasant tail feathers

Dutch Trade Beads
 These are the same type of trade beads that were used
 by the Dutch to buy Manhattan Island from the
 Algonquin. The beads are approximately 2cms in diameter,
 the composition a low-grade impure glass
 or even ceramic. The bead forms are somewhat irregular.
These beads are part of the permanent Indian Museum
of North America displays located on the
Crazy Horse Memorial site, Black Hills, South Dakota
Pahá Sápa

 Prayer for Rain
   
11/o Japanese Miyuki beads

Tetagouche Falls
 
11/o and 13/o Czech seeds beads,
  Canadian goose feather,
  Indian-head nickel

 

beadwork

Great Lakes Bracelets

drawings

prints & paintings

cadavre exquis

links

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Ms. Sheila Keller
    
13/o 24k gold glass and
       Afghan turquoise

Princess Mononoke: Homage to the Spirit of the Forests
       
Aruban Sea Grape branch, coral, Czech, Japanese and antique trade beads,
                               Caique parrot feathers, white deer skin

              Seneca Gambling Cuffs
       amethyst, mother of pearl, white deer skin
                          Memorial Cuffs
                  These cuffs are dedicated to
                       Rose and Nino Zarbo
    amethyst, mother of pearl, red raw silk, white deer skin,
                               19th century trade beads

 

          Labradorite Cuffs of the North
             labradorite, amazonite, Dupioni silk,
                            black deer skin
 Iroquois Style Wrist Bracelet
       amethyst, mother of pearl,
      white deer skin, bone beads
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Beadwork
    The beadwork featured on this page consists of a myriad of styles and types of bead weaving or bead work. The cuff sets use the loom beading technique, with the warp of cut buckskin and the weft, synthetic sinew. Other pieces are also loom beaded using 11/o to 13/o glass beads. 11/o means 11 beads to an inch, while 13/o means 13 beads to an inch.
      
    The beads for each piece featured will be identified, whether glass, antique trade bead, bone, semi precious or precious stone. Many of those beads currently referred to as "trade beads" are  from old West African bead stashes originally traded in West Africa for over two centuries, imported from Italy, Holland, France and Germany. Many of these beads are the very same types of beads that were traded with the Native Americans in the 19th through the 20th century. Some beads on the market claim a provenance from the muddy bed of a snow-fed, fast running river in Northern Minnesota, having fallen off one of the Voyageur's canoes. These 18th century beads can be quite expensive and it is difficult to prove the provenance as there are so many similar types on the market, also made by the same bead making companies as the Voyageurs' trade beads. One may find a reputable dealer in this type of high-value bead in the culturally pleasant, refurbished lower port of Duluth. One might also visit Grand Marais along the North Shore of Minnesota for additional possibilities.
    Anthony "Rusty" Zarbo first started beading when he was nine to ten years old. He was in the Cub Scouts and was hypnotized by the Native American arts, craft and culture that were so much a part of Scouting life. His first motif was the "all-watching eye", several of them, on a loom built for him by his father from pieces of two-by-four stacked in the garage shed. His dad was also the one to pierce the diagrammatic arcana of the instruction page in Ben Hunt's book, Indian Crafts and Lore. Anthony Zarbo has now been beading for close to forty years and will not abandon the craft.
 
For further reading, see:
   
    Visions + Voices: Native American Painting, from the Philbrook Museum of Art, edited by Lydia L. Wyckoff, 1996 Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa
 
    Indians in the Fur Trade by Arthur J. Ray, 1998, reprinted 2005, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Museums:

The Indian Museum of North America, the Crazy Horse Memorial, Black Hills,
South Dakota

The Bead Museum, Glendale, Arizona
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
The Québec Choker and Pouch
    
10/o Czech Glass beads,
        split cowhide
           Aruban Cuff
padre, glass and bone beads, elk
             skin, conch shell
          
 
The Red-Eared Slider Bracelet
       11/o Czech and Japanese glass
beads, Czech white-hearts, sewn on elk
          skin with bone bead slides.

September 11
      11/o Czech glass rocaille,
       11/o Japanese seed bead

     

The Québec Belt
11/o Czech glass and silver
rocaille

 

The Belt of October 13th
      11/o Czech glass beads, fresh water
pearls,Chinese coral, lapis lazuli, Chinese turquoise